[R-P] Las shopingueras en Polonia
nmgoro en gmail.com
Mar Mar 9 10:57:59 MST 2010
[Una película polaca, "La chica del shópping", ha revelado un aspecto
oculto de la Varsovia de nuestros días: la extendida prostitución
adolescente. Lo cuenta el insospechable de comunista New York Times.
Teniendo en cuenta la fuente, no faltará quien atribuya la historia a
alguna conspiración anticatólica. Con su pan se coman esa mierda. Lo
cierto es que si la voz de la clase dominante de los EEUU da a conocer
estas cosas, es porque la realidad debe de ser mucho más siniestra de lo
que aquí se relata.
Mucho se habla sobre las jineteras cubanas, que cambian servicios
sexuales por regalos con los turistas ricos. Menos, mucho menos, se
habla de estas "shopingueras" polacas, chiquilinas de 14 a 16 años que
se prostituyen por una remera. La realidad del mundo capitalista crudo y
vivo, la realidad de la dictadura social de los mercaderes (los pobres
mercados no tienen la culpa...), termina en esta ola vomitiva de
degradación humana concomitante con esa objetivación de hombres y
mujeres de carne y hueso que es la condición de existencia del modo de
producción capitalista. Lo que oculta la Matrix.
Los argentinos sabemos del asunto, que supo aparecer -muchas veces con
un fulero mantón de moralismo conservador, pero supo aparecer- en
escritos de época y en letras de tango. Cosas que ridiculizábamos en la
década del 60 y la del 70, porque el peronismo nos había legado un país
donde parecían cursilerías o asuntos de estratos muy marginales de la
población. Es que también para liquidar esas pústulas, los grasitas y
descamisados habían puesto en el gobierno al Coronel. Y al menos eso,
por todo un período histórico, desapareció de la Argentina. Ahora, en la
Argentina y en el mundo entero, muchas de esas letras llorosas y
vulgares vuelven a tener sentido -aunque quizás no redención artística-
en el seno de la marcha triunfal de la restauración del mercado como
No tengo tiempo de traducir. Lo siento. Y además da asco leerlo de
nuevo. Si llegaran a dar en la Argentina "La chica del shópping", iría a
verla, claro. Pero volver a leer lo de abajo no. Paso y espero me sepan
-------- Mensaje original --------
Asunto: [Marxism] Polish consumer society
Fecha: Fri, 05 Mar 2010 15:11:17 -0500
De: Louis Proyect <lnp3 en panix.com>
NY Times March 4, 2010
Poland Looks Inward After Film Puts ‘Mall Girl’ Culture on View
By DAN BILEFSKY
WARSAW — They loiter at the mall for hours, young teenage girls
selling their bodies in return for designer jeans, Nokia cell
phones, even a pair of socks.
Katarzyna Roslaniec, a former film student, first spotted a
cluster of mall girls three years ago, decked out in thigh-high
latex boots. She followed them and chatted them up over
cigarettes. Over the next six months, the teens told her about
their sex lives, about the men they called “sponsors,” about their
lust for expensive labels, their absent parents, their premature
pregnancies, their broken dreams.
Ms. Roslaniec, 29, scribbled their secrets in her notepad,
memorizing the way they peppered their speech with words like
“frajer” — “loser” in English.
She gossiped with them on Grono.net, the Polish equivalent of
Facebook. Soon, she had a large network of mall girls.
The result is the darkly devastating fictional film, “Galerianki,”
or Mall Girls, which premiered in Poland in the autumn and has
provoked an ongoing national debate about moral decadence in this
conservative, predominantly Catholic country, 20 years after the
fall of Communism.
The film tells the story of four teenage girls who turn tricks in
the restrooms of shopping malls to support their clothing
addiction. It has attained such cult status that parents across
the country say they are confiscating DVDs of the film for fear it
provides a lurid instruction manual.
The revelation that Catholic girls, some from middle-class
families, are prostituting themselves for a Chanel scarf or an
expensive sushi dinner is causing many here to question whether
materialism is polluting the nation’s soul.
In the film, the character Milena, the knowing and vampish queen
of the mall girls, explains to Ala, her innocent protégé, how to
target an affluent sponsor: “Look at a guy’s shoes, his watch, and
his phone and you can tell if it’s expensive. It’s a start,
right?” she explains. Love doesn’t exist, she adds, what matters
is what you can get for sex.
The real-life mall girls say that after choosing a benefactor,
they follow him into a shop, and seduce him by trying on clothes.
Sex is exchanged only for an agreed item like a blouse, never for
cash. It usually takes place in the stalls of bathrooms at the
mall or in a car in the parking lot — a fact that has prompted
intensified security at malls and forced the mall girls to seek
out alternate venues.
On a recent night at Space, a former train station-turned-dance
club that is a favorite of mall girls, dozens of teens in
body-hugging black outfits gyrated to Polish hip-hop, flanked by
much older men, buying them €10, or $13, cocktails. “Life is
expensive in Warsaw,” said Sylwia, a jobless 18-year-old, as she
caressed the leg of a 31-year-old man she had just met. “I need to
find someone to help pay the rent.”
Ms. Roslaniec called mall girls the daughters of capitalism.
“Parents have lost themselves in the race after a new washing
machine or car and are rarely home. A 14-year-old girl needs a
system of values that can’t be shaped without the guidance of
parents. The result is that these girls live in a world where
there are no feelings, just cold calculation.”
Some cultural critics here agree that mall girls are a symptom of
a post-Communist society, while others contend that the filmmaker
has exaggerated the phenomenon. But Ms. Roslaniec noted that the
trend was not limited to Poland. At screenings of the film, from
Hong Kong to Tel Aviv to Toronto, she said, she was amazed by the
number of teens who came up to her and told her about mall girls
at their own schools.
“The only country where teens seemed genuinely surprised by the
film was in Finland,” she noted — a wealthy welfare state.
According to a recent study commissioned by the Ombudsman for
Children in Poland, 20 percent of teenage prostitutes in Poland
sell their bodies in order to earn money for designer clothes,
fancy gadgets or concert tickets. Girls on average enter the sex
trade at age 15; boys at 14.
Some critics complain that the film offers an idealized,
glamorized version of the sex business. Monika Siuchta, a social
worker who works with teenagers, noted that real-life teen
prostitutes were often abused and looked disheveled and neglected,
with incongruous gold accessories.
Adam Bogoryja-Zakrzewski, a journalist who made a documentary
about mall girls, said the phenomenon had laid bare the extent to
which the powerful Polish Catholic church — anti abortion,
anti-gay and anti-contraception — was out of touch with the
younger generation, for whom sex, alcohol and consumerism held
more appeal. “The shopping mall has become the new cathedral in
Poland,” he said.
So fearful is the church of losing souls to department stores that
a few years ago one church in the southern Polish city of Katowice
installed a confessional booth in a shopping center, offering
shoppers absolution between their Christmas purchases.
For others, the mall girl trend reflects how the social
egalitarianism of the past is vanishing. “Our mothers were happy
to have one doll to play with that their mothers sewed,” said
Dagmara Krasowska, 20, who plays Milena. “My generation got
Barbies, which we tired of in five minutes. Under Communism, our
mothers all wore the same school uniforms. Today, teens want the
latest designer outfits and are never satisfied.”
Whatever the meaning behind the trend, social workers and parents
say they fear that teenagers are looking to mall girls as role models.
Marcin Drewniak, who counsels teenagers in Krakow, noted that
malls had become the new community centers in Poland, providing
teens with both refuge and temptation. “They can go to the mall
and they don’t have to worry about bad weather or interfering
adults,” he said. “They can try on clothes and perfume without
having to spend any money. The mall has become a sort of fairy
tale land. All this would have been unimaginable during Communism.”
He said the typical mall girl was between 14 and 16 and came from
a family with a single parent. They often abused drugs or alcohol,
and sold their bodies in a search for self-esteem. He said the
girls did not accept money and called their clients “boyfriends”
or “losers” to preserve the illusion that they are not prostitutes.
Many teens here said that mall girls were to be pitied, not
emulated. At Zlote Tarasy, a sprawling mall in central Warsaw,
Nina Chmielewska, 15, an aspiring actress chomping on a Big Mac in
the food court, said she knew some mall girls at school. She said
they disgusted her, but acknowledged the pressures.
“If you want to be cool and accepted at school, you need to have a
good cellphone, designer shoes and a boyfriend. You are judged by
how you look,” she said. “For sure, I don’t want to end up with a
sweaty ugly guy.”
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