[R-G] Germ Warfare
snedeker at concentric.net
Thu Oct 18 20:19:30 MDT 2001
The Hall of Shame
The United States has a long history of experimentation, on unwitting human
subjects, which goes back to the beginning of this century. Both private
and the military have used unknowing human populations to test various
theories. However, the extent to which human experimentation has been a part
the U.S. Biological Weapons programs will probably never be known. The
following examples are taken from information declassified in 1977, and from
private source accounts. Several involve incidents which are still of
unknown origins and which cannot be fully explained:
A U.S. doctor doing research in the Philippines infected of number of
prisoners with the Plague. He continued his research by inducing Beriberi in
29 prisoners. The experiments resulted in two known fatalities.
A doctor in Mississippi produced Pellagra in twelve white Mississippi
inmates in an attempt to discover a cure for the disease.
The Puerto Rican Cancer Experiment was undertaken by Dr. Cornelius Rhoads.
Under the auspices of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations,
purposely infected his subjects with cancer cells. Thirteen of the subjects
died. When the experiment was uncovered, and in spite of Rhoads' written
that the Puerto Rican population should be eradicated, Rhoads went on to
establish U.S. Army Biological Warfare facilities in Maryland, Utah, and
He later was named to the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and was at the heart
of the recently revealed radiation experiments on prisoners, hospital
The Tuskegee Syphilis Study began. Two hundred (200) poor black men with
syphilis began a long term experiment in which those men were to be studied.
were never told of their illness, and treatment was denied them. As many as
100 of the original 200 died as a direct or indirect result of the illness.
The wives and children of the subjects also suffered as a result of the
disease. (The government office supervising the study was the predecessor to
Centers for Disease Control (CDC)).
In a crash program to develop new drugs to fight Malaria during World War
II, doctors in the Chicago area infected nearly 400 prisoners with the
Although the Chicago inmates were given general information that they were
helping with the war effort, they were not provided adequate information in
accordance with the later standards set by the Nuremberg War Crimes
Tribunal. Nazi doctors on trial at Nuremberg cited the Chicago studies as
to defend their own behavior in aiding the German war effort.
The U.S. Navy sprayed a cloud of bacteria over
The Navy claimed that the bacteria was harmless, and used only to track a
simulated attack, but many San Francisco residents became ill with
symptoms, and one is known to have died.
1950 - 1953:
An array of germ warfare weapons were allegedly used against North Korea.
Accounts claim that there were releases of feathers infected with anthrax,
and mosquitoes dosed with Plague and Yellow Fever, and rodents infected with
a variety of diseases. These were precisely the same techniques used in
immunity from prosecution
in exchange for the results of that research. The Eisenhower administration
later pressed Sedition Charges against three Americans who published charges
of these activities. However, none of those charged were convicted.
1952 - 1953:
In another series of experiments, the U.S. military released clouds of
"harmless" gases over six (6) U.S. and Canadian cities to observe the
similar releases under chemical and germ warfare scenarios. A follow-up
report by the military noted the occurrence of respiratory problems in the
The Tampa Bay area of Florida experienced a sharp rise in Whooping Cough
cases, including 12 deaths, after a CIA test where a bacteria withdrawn from
Army's Chemical and Biological Warfare arsenal was released into the
environment. Details of the test are still classified.
1956 - 1958:
In Savannah, Georgia and Avon Park, Florida, the Army carried out field
tests in which mosquitoes were released into residential neighborhoods from
ground level and from aircraft. Many people were swarmed by Mosquitoes, and
fell ill, some even died. After each test, U.S. Army personnel posing as
health officials photographed and tested the victims. It is theorized that
the mosquitoes were infected with a strain of Yellow Fever. However, details
of the testing remain classified.
In a three year study, 70 volunteer prisoners at the Holmesburg State Prison
in Philadelphia were subjected to tests of dioxin, the highly toxic chemical
contaminant in Agent Orange. Lesions which the men developed were not
treated and remained for up to seven months. None of the subjects was
they would later be studied for the development of cancer. This was the
second such experiment which Dow Chemical undertook on "volunteers" who did
receive the information which the world proclaimed was necessary for
"informed consent" at Nuremberg.
The U.S. Army dispensed a bacillus throughout the
New York City subway system.
Materials available on the incident noted the Army's justification for the
experiment was the fact that there are many subways in the (former) Soviet
Europe, and South America. Although there are no harmful effects known for
this release, details of the experiment are still classified.
1968 - 1969:
The CIA experimented with the possibility of poisoning drinking water by
injecting a chemical substance into the water supply of the Food And Drug
in Washington, D.C.. There were no harmful effects noted from this
experiment. However, none of the human subjects in the building were ever
their permission, nor was anyone provided with information on the nature or
effects of the chemical used.
On June 9, 1969, Dr. D.M. McArtor, then Deputy Director of Research and
Technology for the Department of Defense, appeared before the House
on Appropriations to request funding for a project to produce a synthetic
biological agent for which humans have not yet acquired a natural immunity.
McArtor asked for $10 million dollars to produce this agent over the next
5-10 years. The Congressional Record reveals that according to the plan for
development of this germ agent, the most important characteristic of the new
disease would be "that it might be refractory [resistant] to the
and therapeutic processes upon which we depend to maintain our relative
freedom from infectious disease".
AIDS first appeared
as a public health risk ten years later.
President Nixon announced a ban on the production and use of
but not chemical) warfare agents. However, as the Army's own experts reveal,
this ban is meaningless because the studies required to protect against
warfare weapons are generally indistinguishable from those for chemical
Ray Ravenhott, director of the population program of the U.S. Agency for
International Development (AID), publicly announced the agency's goal to
one quarter of the world's women. In reports by the St Louis Post-Dispatch,
Ravenhott in essence cited the reasoning for this being U.S. corporate
in avoiding the threat of revolutions which might be spawned by chronic
Within months of their incarceration in detention centers in Miami and
Puerto Rico, many male Haitian refugees developed an unusual condition
This is a condition in which males develop full female breasts. A number of
the internees at Ft. Allen in Puerto Rico claimed that they were forced to
undergo a series of injections which they believed to be hormones.
More than 300,000 Cubans were stricken with dengue hemorrhagic fever. An
investigation by the magazine 'Covert Action Information Bulletin', which
the workings of various intelligence agencies around the world, suggested
that this outbreak was the result of a release of mosquitoes by Cuban
The magazine tracked the activities of one CIA operative from a facility in
Panama to the alleged Cuban connections. During the last 30 years, Cuba has
been subjected to an enormous number of outbreaks of human and crop diseases
which are difficult to attribute purely natural causes.
El Salvadoran trade unionists claimed that epidemics of many previously
unknown diseases had cropped up in areas immediately after U.S. directed
bombings. There is no hard evidence to support these charges. However, the
pattern and types of outbreaks are consistent with the claims.
An outbreak of Dengue fever strikes Managua Nicaragua shortly after an
increase of U.S. aerial reconnaissance missions. Nearly half of the capital
population was stricken with the disease, and several deaths have been
attributed to the outbreak. It was the first such epidemic in the country
outbreak was nearly identical to that which struck Cuba a few years earlier
(1981). Dengue fever variations were the focus of much experimentation at
Army's Biological Warfare test facility at Ft. Dietrick, Maryland prior to
the 'ban' on such research in 1972.
In ruling on a case in which a former U.S. Army sergeant attempted to bring
a lawsuit against the Army for using experimental drugs on him, without his
knowledge, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that allowing such an action
against the military would disrupt the chain of command. Thus, nearly all
actions against the military for past, or future, misdeeds have been barred
as have actions aimed at the release of classified documents on the subject.
As the result of a lawsuit by a public interest group, the Department of
Defense was forced to reveal the fact that it still operated Chemical and
Warfare (CBW) research
programs at 127 sites
around the United States.
Under pressure from Congress and the public, after a 60 Minutes segment, the
U.S. Department of Defense finally admits that at least 20,000 U.S.
"may" have been exposed to chemical weapons during operation 'Desert Storm'.
This exposure came as a result of the destruction of a weapons bunker.
of the similar illnesses of other troops, who were not in this area, have
not yet been explained, other than as post traumatic stress syndromes.
groups have released information that many of the problems may be a result
of experimental vaccines and innoculations which were provided troops during
the military buildup.
Germ Warfare History
Germ Warfare Coverup - Unit 731
The Germ Warfare Timeline - WWII
AIDS - Another Experiment?
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