[A-List] Scribd - Perpetuating neo-colonialism through population control: South Africa and the United States
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Perpetuating neo-colonialism through population control: South Africa
and the United States.
(women of African descent 'persuaded' to use birth control)
Kuumba, Monica Bahati. "Perpetuating neo-colonialism through population
control: South Africa and the United States. " Africa Today. 40.n3
(Summer 1993): 79(7). General OneFile. Gale. University of Arizona
Library. 25 Jan. 2008
Population policies in the 1990s are part of the colonial legacy of the
Third World. Women's reproductive abilities are manoeuvred in response
to market forces. The international population strategies and programs
have a race, class and gender bias. Africans are assumed to be
responsible for their own poverty, so their fertility is checked without
regard for the women's health. Coercive strategies persuade women of
African descent in the US and in South Africa to use birth control.
COPYRIGHT Africa Today Associates 1993
While the process of colonialism and neo-colonialism subjugates both men
and women, it does so in different manners. The neo-colonial
relationship hinges on the exploitation of men's productive forces, but
rests on the control of both the productive and reproductive forces of
oppressed women. The current population policies and strategies of
fertility control as promoted and orchestrated by an international
population establishment(1) are part and parcel of the colonial legacy
that haunts "Third World" or neo-colonized women.
According to feminist social analysts, women's productive and
reproductive labor has been used to buttress colonial systems and
imperialist structures, allowing for the full exploitation of male
workers in industry.(2) The location of "Third World" women in the
global economy has hinged around their use as cheap laborers as well as
their ability to produce additional cheap labor. Thus, their
reproductive capacities are manipulated in response to market forces or
the need or lack of need for labor.
This article examines how the strategies and programs of the
international population establishment are confounded with a race,
class, and gender bias and, as such, perpetuate the exploitative,
dependent, and unequal power relationship that exists in the world
between formerly colonized and colonizers. This has been the case for
women of African descent both on the African continent and in the
diaspora as a comparison of the cases of South Africa and the United
States will demonstrate.
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